During his electoral battle tour in the southern states, President John F. Kennedy visited
Dallas on November 22, 1963. On his arrival at 11:40, he was warmly welcomed by the people of
Dallas. Kennedy, Governor John Connally and their wives sat down in the limousine of the
President which led the motorcade through the town. When the motorcade arrived in Dealey
Plaza at 12:30 , it turned right from Main to Houston Street and just seconds later it took the turn
onto Elm Street passing the Schoolbook Depository Building. Just when the limousine passed the
Stemmons Freeway sign, Mrs. Connally heard gunshots. When she turned, looking at the
President, she saw him taking his hand to his throat covering a gunshot wound. The next second,
Governor Connally felt an ache in his back which he realized was a shot.
The reaction of the Secret Service Agents was quite slow. Most of them had spent the
evening before in “The Cellar” a bar that was owned by an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. 45
minutes later, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested on charge of murdering police officer J.D. Tippit.
After hours of interrogation where he had no lawyer and standard police procedure was violated,
Oswald was accused of murdering President John F. Kennedy. On November 24, 1963, a Sunday
morning, the police attempted to hand him over to the State Prison. In the garage of the police
building, he was shot by Jack Ruby in front of hundreds of journalists and millions of TV
The assassination took place in Dealy plaza where the Texas school book depository is.
According to the Warren commission, President Kennedy was murdered by Lee Harvey Oswald,
a lone gunman who fired out of the 6th floor window of the book depository. There are many
different theories and possible conspiracies surrounding the assassination. Some say the President
Kennedy was killed by a single magic bullet. When one looks at the path the magic bullet
supposedly took through President Kennedy and into Governor Connolly, It seems impossible.
Throughout the paper we will try to prove and disprove the possibility of a conspiracy.
President Kennedy was born in Brookline, Mass., on May 29, 1917, a descendant of Irish
Catholics who had immigrated to America in the 19th century. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy,
was a combative businessman who became a multimillionaire, head of the Securities and
Exchange Commission, and ambassador to Great Britain. He and his wife, Rose Fitzgerald
Kennedy, had the highest ambitions for their nine children, of whom John was the second son.
In 1946, Kennedy ran successfully for a Boston-based seat in the U.S. House of
Representatives; he was re-elected in 1948 and 1950. As a congressman he backed social
legislation that benefited his working-class voters. Kennedy hoped for a strong, anti-Communist
foreign policy throughout his career. Restless in the House, Kennedy challenged incumbent
republican senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., in 1952. Although the Republican presidential
candidate, Dwight D. Eisenhower won in Massachusetts as well as the country as a whole,
Kennedy showed his remarkable vote-getting appeal by defeating Lodge.
A year later, on Sept. 12, 1953, Kennedy married Jacqueline Bouvier. The couple had
three children: Caroline Bouvier (Nov. 27, 1957), John Fitzgerald, Jr. (Nov. 25, 1960), and a
second son who died in infancy in August 1963. Kennedy was a relatively ineffectual senator. In
1956, Kennedy bid unsuccessfully for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination. Thereafter,
he set his sights on the presidency, especially after his reelection to the Senate in 1958. He
continued during these years to support a firmly anti-Communist foreign policy.
By 1960, Kennedy was but one of many democratic aspirants for the party’s presidential
nomination. He put together a well-financed, highly organized campaign, and won on the first
ballot. As a northerner and a Roman Catholic, he recognized his lack of strength in the South and
shrewdly chose Sen. Lyndon Baines Johnson of Texas as his running mate. Kennedy also
performed well in a series of unprecedented television debates with his Republican opponent,
Vice-president Richard M. Nixon. Kennedy promised tougher defense policies and progressive
health, housing, and civil rights programs. His New Frontier, he pledged, would bring the nation
out of its economic slump.
Kennedy won the election, but by a narrow margin. He lacked reliable majorities in
congress. When advocates of racial justice picked up strength in 1962-63, he moved belatedly to
promote civil rights legislation. He also sought a tax cut to stimulate the economy. At the time of
his assassination, however, these and other programs such as federal aid to education and
Medicare remained tied up in Congress. It was left to his successor, President Johnson, to push
this legislation through the more compliant congresses of 1964 and 1965.
Kennedy’s inaugural address–in which he told the nation: Ask not what your country can
do for you–ask what you can do for your country”-sounded cold war themes. Soon thereafter,
the president acted on his anti-Communism feelings by lending American military assistance to the
Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba in April 1961. The amphibious assault had been planned by the
Central Intelligence Agency under the Eisenhower administration. The actual invasion was
Kennedy’s decision, however, he took the blame for its total failure.
In Dallas the rain had stopped, and by midmorning a gloomy overcast sky had given way
to the bright sunshine that greeted the Presidential party when Air Force One touched down at
Love Field at 11:40 a.m., c.s.t. Governor and Mrs. Connally and Senator Ralph W. Yarborough
had come with the President from Fort Worth. Vice President Johnson’s airplane, Air Force Two,
had arrived at Love Field at approximately 11:35 a.m., and the Vice President and Mrs. Johnson
were in the receiving line to greet President and Mrs. Kennedy. Approximately 10 minutes after
the arrival at Love Field, the President and Mrs. Kennedy went to the Presidential automobile to
begin the motorcade.
President Kennedy’s visit to Texas in November 1963 had been under consideration for
almost a year before it occurred. He had made only a few brief visits to the State since the 1960
Presidential campaign and in 1962 he began to consider a formal visit. During 1963, the reasons
for making the trip became more persuasive. As a political leader, the President wished to resolve
the factional controversy within the Democratic Party in Texas before the election of 1964.
Everyone agreed that, if there was sufficient time, a motorcade through downtown Dallas
would be the best way for the people to see their President. When the trip was planned for only 1
day, Governor Connally had opposed the motorcade because there was not enough time. The
Governor stated, however, that “once we got San Antonio moved from Friday to Thursday
afternoon, where that was his initial stop in Texas, then we had the time, and I withdrew my
objections to a motorcade.” According to O’Donnell, “we had a motorcade wherever we went,”
particularly in large cities where the purpose was to let the President be seen by as many people as
possible. In his experience, “it would be automatic” for the Secret Service to arrange a route
which would, within the time allotted, bring the President “through an area which exposes him to
the greatest number of people.”
During the course of its massive investigation, the Warren Commission took testimony
from 552 witnesses to the assassination and related events, used more than 2,300 investigative
reports from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and incorporated 800 reports from the Secret
Service into its findings. The Commission also reviewed the actions of several federal agencies
regarding their participation in matters relating to the investigation.
The Warren commission was set up by former Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to
determine the murderer, and motivation behind the Kennedy assassination. It consisted of 7
members that was headed by chief justice Earl Warren. The report is comprised of testimony of
over 550 witnesses taken over several months. The Warren Commission found that Lee Harvey
Oswald, Marxist, acted alone in assassination President Kennedy. It said that the assassination
was not a conspiracy, and that no other people were involved. This is the findings of the U.S.
government, why would the government lie to the people who pay for it to run? There is no
reason to do so.
The Warren commission took testimony from 552 witnesses, the majority of which
proved, beyond a reasonable doubt that Lee Harvey Oswald was the one and only gunman who
fired at, and killed President Kennedy. Oswald was known to own the gun that killed President
Kennedy. There are pictures of Oswald holding the gun previous to the assassination.
A handmade bag of wrapping paper and tape was found in the southeast corner of the
sixth floor alongside the window from which the shots were fired. It was not a standard type bag
which could be obtained in a store and it was presumably made for a particular purpose. It was
the appropriate size to contain, in disassembled form, Oswald’s Mannlicher-Carcano rifle which
was also found on the sixth floor. Three cartons had been placed at the window apparently to act
as a gun rest and a fourth carton was placed behind those at the window. A person seated on the
fourth carton could assemble the rifle without being seen from the rest of the sixth floor because
the cartons stacked around the southeast corner would shield him. The presence of the bag in this
corner is tangible evidence that it was used as the container for the rifle.
An eye-witness, Mr. Brennan testified that Lee Harvey Oswald, whom he viewed in a
police lineup on the night of the assassination, was the man he saw fire the shots from the
sixth-floor window of the Depository Building. When the shots were fired, Brennan was in an
excellent position to observe anyone in the window. He was sitting on a concrete wall on the
southwest corner of Elm and Houston Streets, looking north at the Depository Building which
was directly in front of him. In the 6- to 8-minute period before the motorcade arrived, Brennan
saw a man leave and return to the window several times. After hearing the first shot, which he
thought was a motorcycle backfire, Brennan glanced up at the window. He testified that “this man
I saw previously was aiming for his last shot … as it appeared to me he was standing up and
resting against the left window sill …Brennan saw the man fire the last shot and disappear from
When one looks at the assassination and the path of the single magic bulled that the
Warren Commission said killed President Kennedy took, it seems impossible. One single bullet
was said to have entered Kennedys back, proceed through him and into Governor Wallace. The
angle that the bullet had to be shot in order to go through both could not be achieved from the
sixth floor window of the book depository. There were multiple shots fired and only one
supposedly hit President Kennedy. It seems impossible even for a sharpshooter to fire off multiple
rounds in succession at a target so far away and at such terrible angle.
Here are a few questions that the government should answer so the public can know the
truth about the J.F.K. assassination.
1. Why were over 58 eye-witnesses to the assassination ignored by
the Warren Commission when they said they felt shots had NOT come
from the Book Depository?
2. Why were MULTIPLE rifles found at the Book Depository and then
all but one made to ‘disappear’?
3. What are the known (often frightening and bizarre) details of
the over 200 persons who were murdered or died VERY suspiciously
(and conveniently) after 11/22/63 because they had seen the
‘wrong’ things, tried to speak up, etc.? Why did they die in
“clusters” when investigations were ongoing – sometimes just
hours before they were to be questioned?
4. Why was Nixon one of the few Americans who could not correctly
remember where he was when the assassination occurred? Why may
he have ‘forgotten’ he was on a plane out of Dallas? Why could J.E. Hoover also not ‘remember’
he was in Dallas for a meeting just days before the assassination? Why did he
show NO surprise at the announcement of JFK’s death?
5. Why did Ruby suddenly contract cancer and die just before his
new trial was to begin?
I feel that these questions should be asked to congress and that the real truth should be
revealed to the public about the conspiracy behind President Kennedys death. As mentioned
earlier the President had strong anti communist feelings, after the assassination plans to remove
troops from Vietnam and reversed. Instead of removing troops, more troops were sent to one of
the most horrible, bloody wars America has seen. President Kennedy may have been killed
because of this.
An investigator from the House of Representatives on the assassination review board said
There is no doubt now that there was a conspiracy, yet most of us are not very angry about it.
The conspiracy to kill the president of the United States was also a conspiracy against the
democratic system –and thus a conspiracy against you. I think you should get very angry about
that.” This proves that even the government realizes that there was a conspiracy and that they are
just covering it up. When one looks at a film taken by a Dallas man by the name of Zapruder one
can clearly see that Kennedys head jerked back after a shot was fired. If Kennedy was shot from
behind by Oswald at the book depository his head would jerk forward. Logically one could
assume that a shot must have been fired from the front of the motorcade.
There were also multiple sightings of a man with an umbrella before and during the
assassination. Just before the assassination the man opened and closed the umbrella repeatedly.
this could very easily have been a signal to shooters to fire at Kennedy. There was no need for an
umbrella during the motorcade, it was a bright and sunny afternoon perfect for a parade, and a
conspiracy. The umbrella man was never found by the government, or so they say.