J.F.K. J.F.K On November 22, 1963, it was said that everything changed. This was the day that President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. The facts of the J.F.K. assassination will be assessed and the many different conspiracy theories will be explored and explained. How did one of the greatest and most influential Presidents of our time become assassinated, and why? Throughout this paper the facts will be brought to your attention and therefore you will be able to draw your own conclusions.
By midday of November 22, 1963, the skies overlooking Dallas, Texas showed the threat of possible rain. This did not stop President Kennedy from greeting the crowds from his open limousine. To the left of the President in the rear seat was Mrs. Kennedy. In the driver seat was agent R.
Greer of the Secret Service, next to him was agent Roy H. Kellerman. In the backseats were Governor Connally and Mrs. Connaly. Directly behind the Presidential limousine was a car with eight Secret Service Agents.
Behind that car was the Vice Presidential car, carrying, the Vice-president, Lyndon Johnson and his wife Lady Bird. There were also several cars and busses for additional dignitaries, press representatives and others. Shortly after 11:50 a.m., the motor cade left from Love Field, and preceded through neighborhoods, and only stopping two times at J.F.K.s request to greet onlookers Each time the motor cade stopped, the Secret Service men stood near the President and Mrs. Kennedy to protect them. The motor cade then preceded down Houston Street and directly ahead on the intersections northwest corner a seven story, orange brick warehouse and office building, The Texas Schoolbook Depository.
At a speed of 11 miles per hour, the Presidents motor cade descended gradually toward a railroad overpass, then reaching the Stemmons Freeway. The front of the Texas Schoolbook Depository was now on the Presidents right. He waved to the crowd as he passed the building. Dealey Plaza, a landscaped area marking the end of downtown Dallas, was on the Presidents left. A Secret Service Agent, whom was riding in the motorcade, radioed ahead that the President would arrive in five minutes.
As soon as the President arrived the shots rang out in rapid fury. Kennedys hands moved to embrace his neck as blood gushed through his fingers onto the floor of the Presidential limousine. Kennedy appeared to stiffen for a few seconds and he leaned forward in his seat to gasp a breath. The crowd looked stunned with disarray. The Secret Servicemen then huddled around the President and Mrs.
Kennedy. Governor Connally was also shot and had serious wounds. The Presidential limousine then proceeded with full speed to the Parkland Memorial Hospital, which was a total distance of four miles. When the President arrived at the hospital, he was immediately treated by physicians who had been alerted of the Presidents arrival by the Dallas Police Department by radio from the motorcade. The doctors noted irregular breathing movements and a possible heartbeat, although they could not find a pulse.
They examined the bloody wound in the Presidents head and a smaller wound, which was 1/4 inch in diameter in the lower 1/3 of his neck. The physicians a Tracheotomy. The physicians were so obsorbed in saving the Presidents life that they never turned the President over for an examination of his back. At 1:00 p.m., the last rights were administered by a priest, President Kennedy was pronounced dead. Governor Connaly underwent surgery and recovered from his wounds. When Vice – President Johnson learned of Kennedys death he left the hospital under close guard and flew away in the Presidential plain.
At 2:38 p.m., in the central compartment of the plain, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 39th President of the United States, by Federal Judge, Sarah T. Hughes. The plain landed in Washington at 5:58 p.m. The Presidents body was taken to the National Naval Medical Center.
There it was given a pathological examination. Now lets look at the different theories of how our 35th President was assassinated. Police arrested a man named Lee Harvey Oswald, a former Marine. Oswald was booked for the murder of President John F. Kennedy.
Two days later, Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby, while he was being moved from the city to the county jail. Many people who witnessed the assassination, dispute the facts. Many say that they heard shots from places besides the Book Depository. Of the one – hundred – seventy – eight witnessed at Dealey Plaza, one hundred – thirty – two said that they heard exactly three shots. If Oswald was a single gunman, it would have taken him at least 2.3 seconds to reload his riffle.
The witnesses said that they heard a single shot followed by silence with the second and third shots fired simultaneously. Thus, it could have been impossible for one gunman to fire the riffle, reload, fire again, and fire again in a very short amount of time. Also, when Kennedy was shot, his head went back to the left, which means the bullet came from the right. Although many people dispute the single bullet theory, it may be true. However, even if the single bullet theory is true, it in no way lessens the fact that there were multiple gunmen.
The formal charge against Oswald for the assassination of president Kennedy was pronounced shortly after 1:30 a.m. on Saturday, November 28th. By 10:00 p.m. of the day of the assassination, the FBI had traced the rifle found in the depository to a mail order house in Chicago, where Oswald had a mailbox. Information in the mailbox concluded that payment of the rifle had been made by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Oswald carried the rifle into the depository building on the morning of November 22nd, 1963. At the time of the assassination, Oswald was present at the window in the depository where the shots were fired. Shortly after the assassination, the rifle belonging to Oswald was found hidden between a stack of cartons on the sixth floor, and the paper bag that Oswald used to smuggle the rifle in was found close to the window where the shots were fired. Based on testimony of the experts and their analysis of films of the assassination, they had concluded that a rifleman of Oswalds capabilities could have fired the shots from the rifle used in the assassination within the elapsed time of the shooting. They also concluded that Oswald possessed the capability with a rifle that enabled him to commit the assassination.
This conclusion upholds the finding that Oswald fired the shots which killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally. Nine eye witnesses positively identified Oswald as the man they saw leaving the scene with a revolver in his hand. Oswalds jacket was also found along the path of the flight taken by the gunman as he fled from the s …