.. ds in collecting evidence in homosexual cases. These charges were eventually dropped. However, the situation is yet another example of Roosevelt’s tough-mindedness (Conkin 130). At the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco on July 6, 1920, Roosevelt was nominated for Vice President to run with Governor James M. Cox of Ohio, and he immediately began to campaign in Chicago.
One month later, he resigned his post as Assistant Secretary of the Navy in order to better concentrate on this position. (Ginna 164) Unfortunately, Roosevelt and Cox lost by a landslide in this election on November 2 to Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us). Roosevelt felt that his time would come, and he still did not see anything blocking his path to the presidency. Upon losing the election, Roosevelt returned to law practice with a firm called Emmet, Marvin and Roosevelt.
At this time, he was also named vice president of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, in charge of the New York office. Later in 1921, Roosevelt contracted infantile paralyses, also known as poliomyelitis, or polio for short. He was taken to Presbyterian Hospital in New York City when the condition worsened, and he was treated for one month. After, he went home and was basically bed-ridden until he was fitted with steel leg braces that helped him walk. (Diggins 177) Of all the illnesses Roosevelt was stricken with in his life, polio had to be the most serious.
However, most people will agree that the most successful part of his career did not occur until after this major setback. Leave it to Roosevelt to accomplish something that improbable. Through all of this hardship, Roosevelt still managed to become president of the American Construction Council for six years. He also became the presidential campaign manager for Alfred E. Smith. On June 26, 1924, FDR delivered the nominating speech for Smith in Madison Square Garden on crutches. He called Smith the “Happy Warrior” of the political battlefield, a name that stuck with Smith throughout his career.
Toward the end of that year, Roosevelt ended his law partnership with Marvin and Emmet, citing old-fashioned styles that were not conducive with his own beliefs as the reason. He entered into a new partnership with D. Basil O’Connor. (Conkin 159) In 1926, FDR published his first book titled, Whither Bound. The next year, he founded the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation for the treatment of polio victims.
Another book, The Happy Warrior, Alfred E. Smith, is published later in 1927. (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us) A nomination for Roosevelt came in 1928 by Alfred Smith for the governorship of New York. He won the election, and in 1929, F.D.R. was inaugurated governor. He changed everything Governor Smith had set up by replacing Secretary of the State Robert Moses with Edward J. Flynn, Industrial Commissioner Dr.
James A. Hamilton with Miss Frances Perkins, and decided not to reappoint Belle Moskowitz as his secretary. His first year in office was an extremely successful one. For this reason, he was re-elected on November 4 of the following year. In the next two years, Roosevelt called for a banking reform to protect depositors, approved bill regulating hours of labor for women and children in New York State, and gave the address at the opening of the Empire State Building, among other beneficial decisions. (Asbell 212) It would seem that this position was a major stepping-stone for Roosevelt in his quest to become President. Not only was he given a chance to implement some of his own ideas, but he was also re-acclimated to the political environment.
This would prove beneficial in the coming years. FDR’s Government – Not Politics was published in 1932, and it may have helped him move closer towards his goal of becoming President (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us). On July 1, 1932, Roosevelt was nominated for President of the United States on the fourth ballot. He won the election on November 8, and in 1933, FDR was inaugurated. During his first “Hundred Days,” as the first three months have come to be known, many important events occurred under Roosevelt’s leadership. (Conkin 215) One act of extreme importance was the Emergency Banking Relief Act. This movement placed banks under federal control and provided for their re-opening.
Also, the Economy Act was signed, which saved about $243 million. During this time, Roosevelt signed a bill establishing the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to create employment for young men and to aid in reforestation work. Another extremely important decision was his request that Congress create a Tennessee Valley Authority, which proved to be very useful. During the “Hundred Days,” Roosevelt signed the Johnson-O’Malley Act, which provided federal aid to states for Indian welfare. The United States also eliminated the gold standard, hence raising domestic prices. He signed the Federal Securities Act, which provided regulations to require full disclosure to investors on new securities.
Lastly, he signed the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which created today’s National Recovery Administration (NRA). This supervised industry’s attempt at self-regulation by establishing fair trade in competition. (Conkin 220) FDR also published another book in 1934 entitled, On the Way (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us). Roosevelt’s first term was very successful as he finally got a chance to implement his own ideas, and the people began to have faith in his decisions. Proof is in the fact that many people attributed the end of the Great Depression directly to Roosevelt.
It is possible that because he was President when the Depression ended, some saw him as almost superhuman, and they would support any decision he made. In 1936, Roosevelt was re-elected, and on January 20, 1937, he was inaugurated once again. On March 1, he signed the Retirement Act, which removed income tax hardships from justices who retired at 70. On May 1, he signed the Neutrality Act, which gave him much power. On August 26, he signed the Revenue Act of 1937, which tried to help income taxes.
Then, on December 12, Japanese planes sunk the United States gunboat, Panay on the Yangtze River. Roosevelt forced Japan to apologize and pay $2 million in reparations. (Eisenhower 200) It is almost as if everything Roosevelt tried to do, he did. He had power like no other President in the United States’ history. On January 20, 1941, Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to be inaugurated for the third straight term (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us).
Throughout this term, the United States was involved in World War II. Roosevelt’s reputation as one of our greatest Presidents was taken to a new level during these years, probably due to the success that the United States had in the war, both on the European front and the Pacific front. Furthermore, the fact that life on the mainland carried on as smoothly as it did is often attributed directly to Roosevelt’s leadership. On January 20, 1945, Roosevelt was inaugurated for his unprecedented fourth and final term (nscds.pvt.k12.il.us). The fact that this term would be so short was obviously unknown at the time, but Roosevelt was intent on completing the war and restoring peace among the involved countries. From February 4 -11, he attended the Yalta Conference along with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Russia’s Premier Joseph Stalin, among others.
Most decisions from this meeting were not released until after the war, but the future implementation of some of these decisions can undoubtedly be directly linked to Roosevelt. (Diggins 226) Unfortunately, Roosevelt could not complete even the first year of his final term. On April 12, 1945, he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia, and passed away. He was buried in the Rose Garden at Hyde Park on April 15. (Eisenhower 227) The end of the war later that year was a bittersweet victory for the U.S.
Sure, the nation had defeated the extremely powerful Adolph Hitler and Germany, but it had also lost one of the greatest leaders in the nation’s history during that same year. Without question, Franklin Delano Roosevelt is seen as a superior leader and President of the United States. Many Americans, past and present, remember him as the man who saved their jobs, their homes, their farms, and their way of life when America stood at the brink of disaster during the Depression. Some even attributed the end of World War II solely to FDR. Both are statements of debate. However, what cannot be debated and must be commended is the path that Roosevelt took in becoming President and in carrying out his duties. Many hardships served as obstacles between Roosevelt and his goals.
However, it seems that none of these barriers ever hindered Roosevelt from accomplishing what he wanted to accomplish. Only death could remove him from office. Likewise, only death could bring a halt to Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s success. Biographies.