Crucible In The Crucible, a play about the Salem witch trials of 1692, by Arthur Miller, the character of Reverend Parris displays hypocrisy. Priest are generally considered good, honest people, but Parris lies to the community, he puts his ministry in front of his daughters life, and tries to help himself before helping the community. Even when Parriss daughter is sick and he is unsure what is wrong with her, he puts himself and his job before her. When he is trying to get Abigail to tell the truth he says “I pray you feel the weight of truth upon you, for now my ministrys at stake, my ministry and perhaps your cousins life.” (Act I.) In that quote, he throws in the part about Betty at the end like it has no importance compared to the fact that his “ministrys at stake.” Earlier he says to Abigail “If you trafficked with spirits in the forest I must know it now, for surely my enemies will, and they will ruin me with it.” Then he continues “Abigail, do you understand that I have many enemies?”(Act I.) Throughout Act One, Parris makes it obvious that the”faction that is sworn to drive me from my pulpit” is the only thing he can think of and is more important then anything else at that time. This is the opposite of what most people would expect from someone titled “Reverend”. Besides putting himself before his daughter, Parris also puts himself before the community.
In Act One, he complains about his salary and the house. Proctor says that he is the first minister to “demand the deed to this house.” When Parris doesnt get his way he tries to make them feel guilty by saying things like the church will burn in Hell for not being obedient. In Act Four, after he had wanted the hangings, he makes up excuses not to hang them. He says if Mr. Hale gets any of them to confess then it “surely damns the others in the public eye, and non may doubt they are all linked to Hell.” Then he says there was a dagger thrown at his door earlier in the night.
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“You cannot hang this sort. There is danger for me. I dare not step outside at night!” Reverend Parris lies throughout the story to the community. Right before the story begins, Parris goes into the woods and discover Abigail, Tituba, and the rest of the girls dancing around a fire, yelling out and practicing witchcraft. He even saw somebody naked who ran off.
Abigail tells him a false story that he knows is not true because he witnessed it himself. Yet he tells Susana “There be no unnatural causes here..Let him (the doctor) look to medicine and put out all thoughts of unnatural causes here.” All that Parris can think of is that his”ministry is at stake.” He tells Putnam to “say nothing of witchcraft” because it is unknown. Parris from then on denies the true story and only admits that the girls were dancing. Later in the story when they are in court, Parris continually yells out false statements such as “Proctor has come to overthrow this court!” and “this is a clear attack upon the court” to try and save himself. Parris lies continually and can always tell other people why they will burn in hell, but he will probably be right there with them when they do. Reverend Parris displays hypocrisy by going against the church and his morals.
He lied and put himself and his job before the community throughout the play.
The Crucible The Crucible written by Arthur Miller is a play that takes place in the sixteen nineties during the famous but tragic witch trials. The entire community is in pandemonium yet certain characters are also fighting internal conflicts of their own. Miller uses three characters who manifest this internal battle ever so clearly. Such as Mary Warren who whole personality turns upside down, John Proctor who contemplates between the importance of his family and his own name and Reverend Hale who battles with himself wether to carry out his job requirements or do what he knows is right. Mary Warren is a girl who is forced with this inner turmoil throughout this play. At the outset of the play she is perceived to be a very shy girl who will never speak her mind as shown when Proctor sends her home and she responds with ” I’m just going home. As the play continues and as she is influenced by Abigail, Mary begins to break this self induced mold and does what she wants. Mary Warren, along with many other girls gets caught up in the hype of getting all the attention and exercising power via initiating and adamantly continuing these “witch trials”. Finally John Proctor, the rationalist, shows that when people like Rebecca Nurse and Elizabeth Proctor who are the saintliest of people are accused of being witches, something must be wrong. Mary Warren has a difficult decision to make. She has realized that her whole way of life has been based on injustice. However, how can she extricate herself from Abigail and her friends, not to mention her new feelings of confidence. Mary decides to speak out against Abigail and the others for their false accusations and said that she ” tried to kill me numerous times”. Yet as she does this heroic act of overcoming her old reality, Abigail pretends that Mary is also a witch using the poppets against her. Mary is now faced with yet another grueling internal conflict: to do what she knows is right and probably die for it, or to return to her old ways. Mary succumbs to Abigails “hypnosis ” and accuses John Proctor of forcing her to lie. Clearly the battle which Mary faced from the very beginning was enormous. John Proctor a farmer and village commoner similarly is faced with an inner turmoil. He has committed adultery and had absolutely no intentions of joining in the witch trials unless his pregnant wife were to also get involved. After his wife got involved and eventually was set free due to the fact that she was pregnant feels that he can’t accept this. Proctor is a good and noble man and because of this he believes at first he can’t be hanged and die a martyr when he has this sin blooming over him every waking moment . John later says to Elizabeth that ” My honesty is broke, Elizabeth; I am no good man. Nothing’s spoiled by giving them this lie that were not rotten long before” and rather confess then die for something he flat out didn’t do. However, as John confesses, he can not allow Danforth to make it officially documented. As Danforth asks him why John answers with a cry ” because it is my name. Because I cannot have another in my life . . . How may I live without my name? Have given you my soul; leave me my name(. John feels strongly about having a good name and not dying with a bad one. Proctor weighs both sides of his internal conflict and realizes that he must not make another mistake. He therefore, prescribes himself to death, not for his own sake, but rather for the sake of the others. As John dies Liz weeps saying ” He have his goodness now. God forbid I take it away”. Another internal conflict is evident in Reverend Hale who initiates these problems. At first Reverend Hale is sure about his belief that there are witches and feels that he is carrying out the desires of God himself. Yet as the play moves on and Hale sees all these honest and good people being sentenced and executed he too sees an inner conflict. He contemplates whether to do what he is sent to do, listen to Danforth, or does he listen to his own conscience and denounce these proceedings as unjust and wrong. Hale decides to help out all the people wrongly accused by encouraging them to confess and save themselves from these false proceedings. Hale attempting to repent his own sins by tying to make people confess states” I come to do the devils work. I come to counsel Christians they should belie themselves . . . can you not see the blood on mt head. Hale overcomes his turmoil by following the truth he knew in his heart of hearts. Yet he is counseling people to ” prevail upon your husband and confess ” and says ” God damns a liar less than he that throws his life away for pride ” and convinces people to lie which is against his religion and considered a moral sin. But he decides that earthly life is a greater gift than eternal life. Everybody throughout their lives are faced with inner conflicts. One must make a decision based on what they think is right and true. These three characters probably just faced the most important decision of their lives. Whether right or wrong their went with what they thought was the right decision within their heart of hearts.