Sample Scholarship Essays


Cats Many people today have pets for pleasure and companionship. Nearly any animal can be a pet, such as hamsters, rabbits, birds, fish, frogs, horses, and even cats and dogs. Besides being a loving companion, pets serve many other purposes as in protecting homes, destroying vermin, and providing a means of transportation. The elderly and the childless couples can rely on a pet as an emotional outlet. In addition, pets can be kept for their beauty, rarity, or for the beautiful sounds that birds can make.

Today pets are usually purchased from breeders, pet shops, or animal shelters rather then individually captured and tamed. All pets were made domestic, including cats. Cats are the second most popular pets in the world at this time. Of the two most popular pets, cats are the easiest to maintain and do not need to be taken out for exercise. Being small means cats are not big eaters and only have to eat one or two times a day.

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Cats can play with string, balls, and anything that may fascinate them. On the other hand, cats can be your companion while you sleep, read a book, or watch television. The life of a cat can be very interesting if you are willing to spend time with them and learn their personality. Every cat has its own personality. Cats can live to be 15 years old, and in that time a cat owner can find that a cat is a man’s best friend. The origins of a cat can be very interesting, considering that the cat first began its life with the early Egyptians and other cultures.

The domestic cat, the most popular cat of the cat family, is a very laid back cat, sleeping most of the day. Other types of cats like the tiger, lion, and the cheetah are some of the fiercest animals in the wild. Looking back in history, and comparing the earlier cats to modern day cats, we discover that today’s cats do not eat to live, but live to eat. Where did cats come from? Cats were not around when dinosaurs existed, after they disappeared, hoofed animals evolved and led to saber-toothed cats (Rutherford 8). There are many additional subdivisions of cats in the world today.

Pseudaulurus, the first true catlike animal, lived about 20 million years ago and roamed the forests of Europe and North America hunting for small mammals and birds (Brown 1147). Eventually, more cats began revealing themselves to the world and began living a dominant life. Two animals become similar when they are exposed to the same food sources and environment conditions (Rutherford 10). Many cats have approximately the same traits as each other, but the cheetah and the saber-tooths are completely opposite. The cheetah is the cat furthest from the saber-tooth’s in having small canines to allow for the larger nasal opening that enables it to increase its air intake during a high speed chase (Tabor 10). There is not much evidence that shows how far cats date back that we know about.

The earliest known remains of a leopard were found in Siwalik Mountains of India and date from about 1.5 million years ago (Brown 1148). Saber-toothed cats were one of the longest existing cats on earth. Some saber-toothed cats were still around only 13,000 years ago, so they survived as a subfamily for nearly 34 million years (Tabor 10). Panthers, Lynxes, leopards and other wild cats existed over 10,000 year ago (Rutherford 11). The transition of cats took place over a period of 50 million years; longer than any human has been around.

Cats are truly one of the oldest animals still on this earth. The Egyptians were the first to realize the importance of cats. Cats began teaming with people about 2,000 BC in Egypt (Cats 1). There is evidence that points to small wild feline species having been tamed up to 8,000 years ago. Egyptian Pharaohs were the first to tame cheetahs, and from 1500 BC onwards, cheetahs and dogs were their hunting animals (Rutherford 15). Early Egyptian art verifies that cats were honored as female deity (Cats 1).

Much of the Egyptian art appears to us as paintings on the inside of tombs, or wooden carvings of figures of cats. Eventually the Egyptians began linking animals with human traits (Rutherford 27). A lion-headed woman, Bastet or Bast, was one such icon. At Beni Hasan, an Egyptian archeological site, more than 300,000 mummified Bast cats were unearthed (Luke 20). There was no loss more painful then the death of a cat.

At a cat’s death, every member of the family shaved off their eyebrows in mourning (Rutherford 30). The booming of each and every great culture from the pharaohs to the British Empire is the claim of cats (Dempsey 1). A cat was one of the most respected animals in the Egyptian culture. Other cultures’ opinions on cats varied from rodent vacuums to the rain makers. In China cats were believed to have the power to drive away all evil spirits and were kept in houses for that purpose (Henderson 67). Many superstitions still exist regarding cats. Black cats seem to cause bad luck, while white cats give off good luck (Levin 1).

Despite those civilizations, cats never again arise as far as the Egyptian right of individuality (Steve 1). People still believe that cats can heal a person’s soul. Japanese sailors sailed with tortoiseshell cats to protect them from ghosts and to give them warning of storms (Henderson 68). Christians despised the cat for depicting the image of Satan, such as a witch’s black cat. Cats and Christianity came to Europe at the same time, from just about the same part of the world (Hofmann 13). All cats faced persecution from the early Church for their paganistic connection to cults (Luke 20).

The Egyptians were not the only culture to reflect the cat in their art. Ancient Greek, Roman, and Indian art also depicted cats on vases, marble relics, coins, and sculptures (Cats 1). All cultures have different beliefs about cats, but many cultures apply the cat to everyday living. Domestic cats can be found in almost every home of a cat owner. Most cats are domestic unless bred otherwise. The domesticated cat appeared first in the Middle East more then 3500 years ago, though there is some evidence of a jawbone discovered on Cyprus in 1983 – that such cats existed in 6000 BC (Rutherford 11).

On ships, cats were the mice catchers and other rodent eliminators. Cats even traveled to North America with the Pilgrims on the Mayflower (Coll 2). During the 1700’s, explorers, colonists, and traders from Europe brought the domestic cat to the Americas (Cat 219). The transformation from wild to domestic came over a long period of time. Despite domestic living, our pet cats have retained many features of their wild ancestry (Tabor 8). Although cats have angelic faces, it was one of the last animals to be domesticated. After domesticating horses for transportation, cattle and swine for food, and dogs and leopards for hunting, man began a cautious relationship with the equally cautious domestic cat (Rutherford 11).

From that time on cats began their growth in homes. As man thrived, so did the domestic cat, as a result of the massive increase in food supply for both house and feral animals (Tabor 9). Domestic cats are more popular in the home than any other specially bred cats, considering that creating special breeds did not catch hold until the mid-nineteenth century (Taylor 9). Domesticated cats have an astonishing popularity compared to any other cat in the wild or bred for cat shows. …


1793. This era of the latter part of the 1700s was a time when relations between Britain and France were strained, America had declared its independence, and the peasants of France began one of the bloodiest revolutions in history. In short, it was a time of liberation and a time of terrible violence. Dickens describes the two cities at the center of the novel: Paris, a city of extravagance, aristocratic abuses and cruelty, and other evils that directly corresponded to the revolution and London, a city plagued by crime, troubled with capital punishment, and in general disorder. In both cities, the capabilities of an angry mob were a dangerous thing, to be feared by all. “A Tale of Two Cities” graphically depicts the struggle between the aristocracy and the peasantry of France and England. Dickens’s focuses the novel on the themes of resurrection and revolution. Although many of the characters in the novel are involved in the intertwining themes of love, good versus evil, and the question of the worth of one’s character; it is these two themes: resurrection and revolution, that Dickens utilizes for their breath and depth to accurately portray both the social and personal elements of the turmoil of the latter eighteenth century.
In “A Tale of Two Cities” there are several social classes that are represented. In the character of Marquis Evremonde and Gabelle, the French aristocracy is embodied along with its cruelty, oppressiveness, arrogance, and their general vile mistreatment of the peasantry. However, also in the French aristocracy is the character of Charles Darnay. It is apparent that not all French aristocrats are wicked, because Charles Darnay rejects the mindset of aristocrats; specifically, he displayed his remarkable integrity in his decision to reject and denounce the cruelness of his uncle, Marquis Evremonde. Dickens explains Darnay’s rejection in that Darnay believed that “our name Evremonde to be more detested than any name in France.” Darnay asserted that one of his reasons was because of the actions of Marquis in the killing of a boy with his carriage. In addition, Darnay argued that, “even in my father’s time, we did a world of wrong, injuring every human creature who came between us and our pleasure” Darnay’s rejection of his family title can be further understood from the events that transpired later in the novel. Darnay had chosen to live in England because he didn’t want to be in any way associated with the aristocracy’s cruelty. Upon reentering France, he was accused of being an emigrant. After being acquitted of being an emigrant, Darnay was condemned to die because of the crimes of his ancestors, because Marquis had raped and murdered a young woman, her husband, and her brother; therefore it was also attributed to Darnay because he was an aristocrat of the same family.

In the character of Madame Defarge the oppressed, defiant woman, and the unceasingly and remorseless bloodthirsty are represented. Madame Defarge was fueled by her hatred of the aristocracy, just as the peasants and poor

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